Let's stroll through the festive year of customs, take a peek in the cupboard of traditional Štajerska clothing, listen to the sounds of traditional Štajerska musical instruments and admire traditional Štajerska dances. And to end with we will enjoy something sweet by looking in the kitchen, where there is the delicious smell of traditional Štajerska dishes.
Nowadays many parts of the described only exist in the form of nice stories in books, for getting to know the others there are purposely festive days or other occasional happenings in the city and countryside, which the city embraces, some traditions are still alive today and for that reason carefully watch and observe also on completely normal days!
The Slovenes festive year:
- Carnival time (Shrovetide),
- Easter holidays,
- St Martin's Day,
- Christmas and
- old and New Year.
Traditional Štajerska folk costume
Towards the end of the 19th century men and women wore costumes that were tailored according to the simple clothing fashion. Thus the style and some of the clothing extras, bear witness to the fact that older styles and parts of clothing were still popular. Among them were preserved mainly those, which visually distinguished the rural inhabitants from the town. Thus we can also distinguish the elements of two folk costumes:
- festive clothes, clothes which people wore only for festive occasions, and
- working clothes, which they wore every working day.
Traditional Štajerska folk musical instruments
Among the best-known and preserved folk musical instruments still today are the Haloze whistle and reed pipe. Nowadays we can find them as products of cottage and arts and crafts trades.
Traditional Štajerska folk dances
The dance tradition in eastern Štajerska, where Maribor and its surroundings also belong, is in the main the same as the general Slovene tradition. It also has a lot in common with the neighbouring traditions of Prekmurje. Of course it also contains peculiarities that are characteristic only for Štajerska.
Cottage industry and arts and crafts
In Slovenia we know numerous cottage industries and art and craft trades, which are distinctive and typical for each individual province. Typical cottage industries in Štajerska include designing products from wood, woollen articles and articles from clay. In the arts and crafts trade glassworks and making textile products are typical. .
- wooden articles
- knitted articles
- clay articles
- glass production,
Cottage industry articles and arts and crafts trades, such as products from clay, wool, wood, beekeeping products and products from Pohorje’s aggregates, can today be purchased in some specialized shops as traditional souvenirs from the Maribor region.
Traditional Štajerska cuisine
Already medieval travellers, who passed through our region, characterized the people here are hospitable. The innkeeper’s trade and the innkeeper occupation represented an important tradition. In Slovenia namely inns were explicitly a family business in which the innkeeper was of high repute. For that reason the innkeeper along with the mayor, teacher and priest was one of the most important figures in the economic, cultural and life otherwise in the place where he lived.
Up to the beginning of the 20th century the culinary offer in inns was made up of completely different dishes from that which was on the everyday and festive bill of fare of the rural inhabitants. A farmer, who went to do business in the town frequently went for a drink and treated himself to a meal that was not on his menu at home. Thus he did not order cheese dumplings or boiled corn-mush, but delicious roast meat, stuffed breast of veal, tripe or something else. After the Second World War people began to give up the traditional way of feeding, inns began to add individual traditional dishes to their offer and became “live museums” of the Slovene culinary heritage. Also today numerous inns are changing not only their culinary offers but also interior images according to the model “ homeliness, typicalness, Slovene” by exhibiting and hanging up different objects of rustic heritage in their rooms.
“A good bill of fare is a signpost
in a sumptuous culinary battle,
composed, like a score from notes,
for a symphony of delights”
Wine in everyday life can be a constituent part of a meal. Of course lunch or dinner is not good if we do not have served with it a carefully chosen wine. The characteristic wines from the Štajerska wine-growing district are mainly white, which on average contain a higher degree of acid and less alcohol. The most frequent sorts are Laški Riesling, Green Silvaner, Rhine Riesling, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc...
“On account of good wine the poor man becomes a rich man
the disputed - friends, the sick become well,
the low spirited gets will power and courage!”
Traditional Štajerska cuisine can today be tried in many of Maribor’s restaurants and above all at tourist farms, found on wine growing hills and on Pohorje.